Updated: Nov 2016
What is Disease Surveillance
Disease surveillance is an information-based activity involving the collection, analysis and interpretation of large volumes of data originating from a variety of sources.
The information collated is then used in a number of ways to:
- Evaluate the effectiveness of control and preventative health measures
- Monitor changes in infectious agents e.g. trends in development of antimicrobial resistance
- Support health planning and the allocation of appropriate resources within the healthcare system.
- Identify high risk populations or areas to target interventions
- Provide a valuable archive of disease activity for future reference.
To be effective, the collection of surveillance data must be standardized on a national basis and be made available at local, regional and national level. HPSC is an essential communication point in forecasting and responding to disease outbreaks and incidents of regional, national and international significance
Together, the ICGP and the HPSC recruited a total of 60 GP’s throughout the Republic of Ireland, ensuring there would be a balanced comparison countrywide. The data is collated on a weekly basis, and a report is then produced, displaying the present outbreaks, along with comparables from previous seasons.
Health-One programmers have worked closely with the ICGP and the HPSC to make this process easier for its users. As a result of this co-ordinated approach, other information regarding disease surveillance has been possible, such as
- Pandemic Planning
- Vaccine effectiveness Study
- Gastro-enteritis Study -(in conjunction with TCD and Safefood.ie)
There are currently 60 GP’s recruited,
- Diagnosing Criteria
- General Instructions
- Search Instructions
- Search Criteria
- Swabbing Instructions
- Timeliness Return Tips